British and American English. The same, but different
British and American people speak the same language English, but with some small differences.
Some words are different in American English, for example Americans say zip code, not postcode, vacation, not holiday, and cell phone, not mobile phone. Some words have different meanings, for example in British a purse is a thing where women have their money and credit cards. In American English a purse is a woman´s bag.
It´s time for bed / Good night
Useful words and phrases
bye / goodbye
hello / hi
thank you / thanks
How are you? / What do you do? / What about you?
Nice to meet you
See you / See you then
Days of the week
They begin with a capital letter.
13 and 30, 14 and 40, etc. are similar, but the stress is different, e.g. thirteen, thirty, fourteen, forty etc.
-ee is a long sound, but -y is a short sound
We say the digits separately. 0 = Zero or oh
Hello/ Hi / Is that Jennifer? This is Rob.
100 a/one hundred
1000 a /one thousand
1000000 a/one million
PC, a Personal Computer
VIP, a Very Important Person.
UK, the United Kingdom
EU, the European Union
DJ, a Disc Jockey
USA, the United States of America
PDF, a Portable Document Format
NBA, the National Basketball Association|Baloncesto|Basket|También conocido como básquetbol, basquetbol, basketbol o simplemente básquet.
NBA – Inicio de la fase regular 2022 – 23|Copa Mundial de Baloncesto Femenino|WNBA|FIBA AmeriCup|Campeonato Europeo de Baloncesto Masculino|Euroliga|Liga de Campeones de Baloncesto|Playoffs NBA|Basketball Champions League Americas
And others: USB, DVD, ATM (cajero automático)
The World. All over the world
Countries, continents, nationalities and languages. The word for a language is usually the same as the nationality adjective, e.g in Italy the language is Italian
|North Amererica||North American|
|South America||South American|
|The United States / The USA||American|
|The Czech Republic||Czech|
|The U.K||British / Britain|
North, South, West and East
Useful word and phrases
excuse me / I´m not sure
Where are you from? I´m from…
Arrive / Arriving / Arrivals
holiday / business
In a hotel → the lift or elevator, a single or double room, suites, luxury rooms
the bar, the ground floor / planta baja/ I have a reservation / Can I have you passport, please? / Enjoy your stay / Conference centre / Wi – fi connection / Room service / Free parking
Personal Information / Useful word and phrases
name / surname / first name
address / postcode / neighbourhood / hometown
age / How old are you? I´m 22
My family composed by …. / single, married, divorced, widow/er/ alone
an identity card / student
hobbies and interests
what else / more / plus ….
a coin / credit card / a purse
a key / keys
Classroom language. Open your books, please
«Anyone who stops learning is old, whether at twenty or eighty» Henry Ford, American businessman
Useful word and phrases
the teacher says:
learn / practise
book / go to page / do exercise / read the text, please ← What page is it?
Intructions in you book → complete, underline, match, circle, cross, cover the text,
number, tick, cross out, mark, point.
board / look at the board / the picture
door / Close/Open the door/window, please
Work in pairs / groups / ask your partner
Answer the questions
Listen and repeat
Stand up / Sit down
Turn off your mobile/computer
Please, stop talking!
Sorry, can you repeat that, please?
Sorry I´m late.
I don´t understand / I don´t know / I can´t remember
Can I have a copy, please?
How do you spell it/that? What´s ….. in English?
Can you help me, please?
What´s this in English?
Work and play
qualifications / skill / personal qualities
A writer´s room. Things
«My favourite things in life don´t cost any money».
a writer / a journalist / a newspaper / a magazine / advert or notice / a photo
an opinion / people discussing attitudes, arguments, the pros and cons of … about …
an article / a text / a report / a story / a true story / about….
an interview / a radio interview
online advice / a quiz
pieces of paper
glasses / sunglasses
tidy / untidy
actor / actress
an architect / a builder / building
a chef / a cook
a factory worker
a flight attendant
a (bank) manager
a policeman / policewoman
a shop assistant
a waiter / waitress
uniform comfortable / jacket / skirt / trousers / tie / bow tie (moño)
In multisyllable words, final -er / or is pronounced →/ə/ e.g. doctor, teacher. Final -ian is pronounced → /ʃn/ e.g. musician
a / an + jobs
We use a / an + jobs words → She´s a model. Not She´s model
Stars and Stripes
Colours and adjectives
What colours is it ?
Red + Green + Blue: White
Red + Green: Yellow
Blue + Yellow: Green
Red + Yellow: Orange
black + white: grey
white + red: pink
red + green: brown
Common adjectives and their opposites
bad / good
big / small
dangerous / safe
dirty / clean
easy / difficult
empty / full
expensive / cheap
far / near
fast / slow
high / low
hot / cold
long / short / long life
old / young / new / elderly /centenarians
rich / poor
strong / weak
wrong / right
Adjectives for appearance
blonde / dark
beautiful / ugly
fat / thin ← slim (ni gordo, ni flaco) ← weight
tall/ short ← height
Positive adjectives for appearance → beautiful, good – looking, and attractive can all be
used for women, but for men we only use good – looking, attractive or handsome
head, neck and shoulders
eyes /ears / nose / hair
stomach / ache
Health / Medical problems
illness / elderly /centenarians / long life / measuring health an happiness
healthier ( physical and mental health) / illness / medical problems / advice /online advice
sleep / take a nap / talking about illness and advices
feel sick / get sick
Word focus: feel medical problems
mother to be / deliver a baby / ongoing
pharmacist / customer
Things I love about Britain
Sports / Competitions
sportsman / sportswoman
Word focus: like ← talking about your interests
personal qualities / skill and knowledge
an article about adventurers / accidents / qualities for an expedition / survival expert / geographical features / an opinion about … / a true story
climbing / expedition
cave / Thai cave / trapped in the cave. There were football players with their coach / missing flood / diving experts to rescue
Wordbuilding: Verb + noun collocations
Modes of transport
Verbs transport words
going on a journey (real life – functions) → terrible or bad journey / to work or university
rush hour / pick hour
an accident / rainning
a problem with my car / bike / motorbike
people discussing attitudes, arguments, the pros and cons of electric cars / animals for transporting / dog sledging / ricksshaw in Kolkata (Calcuta)
a girl travelling by train in India / railways
an article / a text / a report / a story / about transport in the future / about how people travel around the town
commute / commuters
get on / off
stop / rank
(boleto) fare / price
change / receipt
gate / platform
book / check in
Nature and animals
Life. Pre Intermediate. By John Hughes, Helen Stephenson and Paul Dummett.
Third Edition. Descargar