English. Vocabulary

Vocabulary

English File. Elementary  By Christina Latham Koening, Clive Oxenden, Paul Seligson /

Third Edition. Descargar

 

British and American English. The same, but different

British and American people speak the same language English, but with some small differences.

Vocabulary

Some words are different in American English, for example Americans say zip code, not postcode, vacation, not holiday, and cell phone, not mobile phone. Some words have different meanings, for example in British a purse is a thing where women have their money and credit cards. In American English a purse is a woman´s bag.

 

 

20170708_163926

 

Greetings

20170528_221251_001

It´s time for bed / Good night

↓↑

Useful words and phrases 

bye / goodbye

fine

hello / hi

sorry

thank you / thanks

very well

How are you? / What do you do? / What about you?

Nice to meet you

See you / See you then

Days of the week

They begin with a capital letter.

Numbers

13 and 30, 14 and 40, etc. are similar, but the stress is different, e.g. thirteen, thirty, fourteen, forty etc.

-ee is a long sound, but -y is a short sound

 

Phone numbers.

We say the digits separately. 0 = Zero or oh

mobile phone

Hello/ Hi / Is that Jennifer? This is Rob.

 

High numbers

100  a/one hundred

1000 a /one thousand

1000000 a/one million

 

Abbreviations

PC, a Personal Computer

VIP, a Very Important Person.

UK, the United Kingdom

EU, the European Union

DJ, a Disc Jockey

USA, the United States of America

PDF, a Portable Document Format

NBA, the National Basketball Association
And others: USB, DVD, ATM (cajero automático)

 

The World. All over the world

Countries, continents, nationalities and languages. The word for a language is usually the same as the nationality adjective, e.g in Italy the language is Italian

Continent Adjective
Africa African
Asia Asian
Australia Australian
Europe European
North Amererica North American
South America South American
America American
Country Adjective
-ish
England English
Ireland Irish
Poland Polish
Scotland Scottish
Spain Spanish
Turkey Turkish
Sweden Swedish
-an
Germany German
Mexico Mexican
The United States / The USA American
-ian
Argentina Argentinian
Brazil Brazilian
Egypt Egyptian
Hungary Hungarian
Italy Italian
Russia Russian
-ese
China Chinese
Japan Japanese
The Czech Republic Czech
France French
Switzerland Swiss
The U.K British / Britain

 

The compass

20170701_164204.jpg

North, South, West and East

 

Useful word and phrases

flag

language

excuse me / I´m not sure

Where are you from? I´m from…

Arrive / Arriving / Arrivals

Checking

holiday / business

In a hotel → the lift or elevator, a single or double room, suites, luxury rooms

the bar, the ground floor / planta baja/ I have a reservation / Can I have you passport, please? / Enjoy your stay / Conference centre / Wi – fi connection / Room service / Free parking

 

↓↑

Useful word and phrases

address

age

postcode

Reception/ receptionist

surname / first name

a coin

credit card

a key / keys

a magazine

How old are you? I´m 22

student

a diary

an identity card

a purse

↓↑

 

Classroom language. Open your books, please

“Anyone who stops learning is old, whether at twenty or eighty” Henry Ford, American businessman

 

Useful word and phrases

letter

the teacher says:

learn / practise

book / go to page / do exercise / read the text, please ← What page is it?

Intructions in you book → complete, underline, match, circle, cross, cover the text,

number, tick, cross out, mark, point.

board / look at the board / the picture

door / Close/Open the door/window, please

Work in pairs / groups / ask your partner

Answer the questions

Listen and repeat

Stand up / Sit down

wall

chair

Turn off your mobile/computer

desk

table

Please, stop talking!

 

You say:

Sorry, can you repeat that, please?

Sorry I´m late.

I don´t understand / I don´t know / I can´t remember

Can I have a copy, please?

How do you spell it/that? What´s ….. in English?

Excuse me

Can you help me, please?

scissors

 

A writer´s room. Things

“My favourite things in life don´t cost any money”.

 

Useful word and phrases

a lamp

pencils

pieces of paper

printer

a dictionary

a file

glasses / sunglasses

headphones

a newspaper

a photo

a stamp

a ticket

a tissue

an umbrella

a wallet

a  watch

receipts

tidy / untidy

What´s this in English?

 

 

Stars and Stripes

 

Colours and adjectives

What colours is it ?

Red + Green + Blue: White

Red + Green: Yellow

Blue + Yellow: Green

Red + Yellow: Orange

black + white: grey

white + red: pink

red + green: brown

 

 

Common adjectives and their opposites

bad / good

big / small

dangerous / safe

dirty / clean

easy / difficult

empty / full

expensive / cheap

far / near

fast / slow

high / low

hot / cold

long / short

old / young / new

rich / poor

strong / weak

wrong / right

 

Adjectives for appearance

nice

blonde / dark

beautiful / ugly

fat / thin ← slim (ni gordo, ni flaco) ← weight

tall/ short ← height

Positive adjectives for appearance → beautiful, good – looking, and attractive can all be

used for women, but for men we only use good – looking, attractive or handsome

eyes /hair

famous

 

 

 

After 300 metres, turn right

 

Feelings.

Use be + :

hungry (hambriento) / thirsty (sediento)

hot / cold

angry (enojado) / sad / happy

tired

worried / stressed

bored

great / terrible

optimistic

 

Imperatives. Use imperatives to give orders or instructions.

Be careful / Be quiet!

Don´t smoke / Smoke hero

Turn left / right

Cross the road now

listen to music here

turn off your mobile / it / turn on

go in here

Don´t take photos  / Take photos

Don´t eat or drink here / eat or drink here

Don´t worry

Please, don´t park here

Please, close the window / the door

Come on!

Sign

Slow down

Stop

park

 

Let´s. Use  Let´s + verb infinitive to make Suggestions.

Let´s park here

Let´s go home

Let´s eat lunch there

Let´s cross the road here

Let´s go to a hotel

Let´s turn on the air conditioning

 

 

 

Things I love about Britain

20170706_183729

20170708_005046

20170708_163926

Verb phrases and Irregular verbs

20170706_185259

read a newspaper

listen to the radio/ music

have

have or eat  → Have can be used with both food and drink, and is common with meals (comidas), e.g. have a sandwich, have a coffee, have lunch.

Eat can only be used with food, e.g. eat fast food

go to the cinema / to a bar / to a restaurant

work → has two meaning: 1) She works in a museum = it´s her job   2) The phone doesn´t work = it´s broken

cook dinner

do exercise / housework / homework

drink tea / mineral water / a cup of coffee

like animals / the atmosphere at work

live in a beautiful house / in a big flat

play the guitar

say sorry

speak German / English /Spanish

study economics / at university

take an umbrella

want a new car

watch

wear glasses / jeans

need

make

rain / change

finish

dance

drive

use

kiss

give

greet you with a smile

ask

solve the problem

call

come

stay as long as you like

love

buy / sell / pay

feel

prefer

think the traffic is terrible / that people are nice to foreigners

sit here

guess

earn money

 

Work and play

 

Jobs

actor / actress

musician

politician

sportsman / sportswoman

singer

an administrator

an architect

a builder

a chef / a cook

a dentist

a doctor

an engineer

a factory worker

a flight attendant

a footballer

a hairdresser

a journalist

a lawyer

a (bank) manager

a model

a nurse

a pilot

a policeman / policewoman

a receptionist

a shop assistant

a soldier

a teacher

a vet

a waiter / waitress

a worker

 

In multisyllable words, final -er / or is pronounced →/ə/ e.g. doctor, teacher. Final -ian is pronounced → /ʃn/ e.g. musician

 

a / an + jobs

We use a / an + jobs words → She´s a model. Not She´s model

 

Useful word and phrases

jacket

skirt

trousers

uniform comfortable

tie

qualifications

 

Cerebro Bilingue

https://www.facebook.com/plugins/video.php?href=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.facebook.com%2FCulturaColectiv%2Fvideos%2F1642369019107339%2F&show_text=0&width=400

Un comentario en “English. Vocabulary

  1. Pingback: Inglés / English | CELN - ¿Cuál es la noticia...?

Responder

Introduce tus datos o haz clic en un icono para iniciar sesión:

Logo de WordPress.com

Estás comentando usando tu cuenta de WordPress.com. Cerrar sesión / Cambiar )

Imagen de Twitter

Estás comentando usando tu cuenta de Twitter. Cerrar sesión / Cambiar )

Foto de Facebook

Estás comentando usando tu cuenta de Facebook. Cerrar sesión / Cambiar )

Google+ photo

Estás comentando usando tu cuenta de Google+. Cerrar sesión / Cambiar )

Conectando a %s