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My name´s Hannah, not Anna
“My name´s Bond. James Bond”. Ian Fleming, British writer
-Present tense Verb Be. Positive form → full form and contraction (we use contractions
in conversation and in informal writing, e.g. an email to a friend)
I → am. For example: I´m Mae (My name is Mae). I´m sad. I´m here, in class.
He, She, It → is
You, We, They → are
-Present tense Verb Be, negative form → full form and contraction
Be es uno de los pocos verbos que en inglés puede negarse a sí mismo.
I → am not / ´m not
He, She, It → is not / isn´t
You, We, They → are not / aren´t
-Present tense Verb Be Interrogative form → question form and positive (don´t use
contractions in positive short answers) or negative short answer
Am → I …? / Yes, I am / No, I´m not
Is → he, she, it … ? Yes, he, she, it is / No, he, she, it isn´t
Are → you, we, they… ? Yes, you, we, they are / No, you, we, they aren´t
You can also contract are not and is not like this: You´re not Italian / She´s not Spanish
e.g. How old are you? I´m 36 years old
Con las Wh? questions se puede abreviar: Where´s she from? / What´s her first name?
Use imperatives to give orders or instructions.
After 300 metres, turn right. Imperatives, let´s
(+) imperatives = verb infinitive
(-) imperatives = don´t (auxiliary) + verb
Turn right! /Don´t turn right!
Park here! / Don´t park here!
Add “please” to be polite: Open the door, please
We often use be + adjective in imperatives: Be quiet, Be careful etc.
Don´t use pronoun whith imperatives: Be quiet
–Let´s. Use Let´s + verb infinitive to make Suggestions.
Use Let´s not + verb to make negative suggestions: Let´s not wait
Let´s stop at that service station / Come on. Let´s go
We use the Simple Present to talk about things that are generally true or that habitually happen.
Spelling rules for the third person singular are the same for the plurals
-/s/Most verbs add -s: works
-/iz/Verbs ending in s, z, ch, sh, or x add -es: misses, watches, finishes
-Verbs ending in y (consonant + y), change to -ies
-/z/Exceptions: have – has / go – goes
Negative form → with an auxiliary Do /does
Interrogative form → we need an auxiliary to form questions: Do / does
ASI → auxiliary, subject, infinitive
QASI → question word, auxiliary, subject, infinitive
Can you…? Can / Can´t
-Can you introduce yourself?
-Can you spell the word?
-We use the present perfect when we talk or ask about things that have happened in the past, but when we don´t say when
-We often use the present perfect with ever (= at any time in your life) and never (= at no time in your life).
-We also use the present perfect to talk about something that has recently happened
-To make the present perfect use have/has